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How to Vote in India

A blog post on how to vote online in Indian elections. Ever wondered how to vote? Here’s a reminder of what you need to do for the upcoming elections in India.


The world has never been more connected – and so much noise is out there that we struggle to hear our own voice. This election season, I am working with Google Chrome on a little project to help simplify all you’re going through in figuring out how to vote in India.

How to Vote? I am a citizen of India and as per the Constitution of Indian democracy, every eligible adult male or female can vote who is more than 18 years. You’ve completed 18 years.

India is the world’s largest democracy. Citizens elect the federal government through national elections. Most Indian citizens of the voting age can participate in Indian federal elections every five years. Find out how to vote in India.

What are the Requirements to Vote in India

You must be a resident to register to vote. You must follow certain requirements in India if you’re a resident of the country. A regular, free, and fair election is held in India, a constitutional democracy with a parliamentary government.

  • Firstly, you must be over 18 on the qualifying date. It’s the first day of January of the year in question, and it is a major requirement for voting in India.
  • It doesn’t matter what your caste, religion, or gender is. Voters in India cannot be disqualified based on these characteristics. In India, voting is generally optional, but there are moves to make it compulsory.

Prove you are a citizen.

Indian citizens who have not obtained citizenship in any other country can vote in India. Your place of residency in India must be listed on your passport.

  • If your residence in India is mentioned in your passport, even if you are away from India for work, education, or otherwise, you can still register to vote in India.
  • You cannot vote (have any rights) in India if you are not a citizen. If you are an Indian citizen living overseas, you can still vote.

Make sure you’re not disqualified.

In India, residents cannot vote if they have been declared incompetent or disqualified because of corruption.

  • Persons who have been declared unstable minds must have been declared by a competent court.
  • If a person has been convicted of a crime related to elections, they are also disqualified. They cannot register to vote in India. You can see the detailed list of offenses online.

Registering to Vote in India

Fill out a Form-6. If you wanna vote in India, you must complete this form. Electoral Registration Officers (ERO) in the Assembly Constituency must receive it.

  • You can register to vote online by submitting Form-6. You can do this on www.eci.nic.in. Forms are available in both English and Hindi.
  • Click on the online voter registration link. A user name and password will be required. After that, the process is pretty straightforward.

Upload a passport-size color photo with your application. Provide proof of your age and residence. If you cannot upload the documents, a Booth Level Officer (BLO) will come to your house to collect the documents.

  • If you do not want to submit Form-6 online, you can mail it. First, download the form from the Internet. Visit www.eci.nic.in to download the form. Fill out the form. Send them by post to the voter center in your district.
  • If you prefer, you can also submit the voter’s registration form directly to the Voters Registration Centre in your constituency or the Booth Level Officer.

Please submit an overseas form.

If you are an Indian citizen living overseas, you can still vote. To do this, you must submit Form 6A. Different forms are available for armed forces, police, etc. These can be found on the website of the Election Commission of India.

  • Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) of the constituency you normally reside in India should receive this form. The address must match the address on your passport. Such voters are called NRIs. This stands for Non-Resident Indians.
  • You can obtain the form at www.eci.nic.in. Click on “Enroll as NRI voter.” Yes, with one L. Passport size photo and copy of relevant pages of the passport are required. Please do provide a copy of the passport page containing the valid visa.

Casting Your Vote

Find the polling stations. On www.eci.nic.in, click on Polling Station Maps to locate polling stations.

  • Please select the state, the district, the assembly constituency, and the voting station. You will see the polling station pins by clicking on the link.
  • You can view the names and contact numbers of CEOS, DEOS, EROS, and BLOS by clicking the balloon/pin on the map. The electoral roll is also available in PDF format.

To vote, go to the polls. Voting in the afternoon is recommended. As people tend to avoid heat and come in the mornings, you’ll beat the crowd.

  • Log in. You can check your name at any political party desk once you’ve reached the voting center. Double-check your registration here.
  • Go inside and wait. When your turn comes, mention your name and your father’s. That’s all they need to knThey will mark your nail with indelible ink. Nail polish removers and thinners cannot remove it. A security measure (sign) ensures that each voter only votes once.
  • Find the machine. When you enter the room, you will find a machine with an enclosure around it in the corner.
  • Press the symbol for the candidate. The paper ballot must be stamped with the right symbol and placed in a box if a manual balloting system is rare nowadays.
  • Ensure everything is fine and the machine is not beeping. An error can cause this.

Obtaining Other Voter Information in India

Correct errors in voter registration. The voter registration rolls can be corrected if you make age, spelling, or address mistakes.

  • Filing Form-8 (49-KN) is required. Visit www.eci.nic. And click on the Apply for Corrections link. Follow the instructions provided by the Election Commission. Including a copy of your proof of residency as proof of age or the birth certificate.
  • If the error is not your fault, you can correct it free of charge. If you made a mistake, you would need to pay Rs.25/- in cash at your voter registration center to receive the corrected Voter Identity Card (EPIC).
  • You can file a Form 8A online or download Form-8A (34 KB) if you have changed your address within the constituency.

Make sure your name is on the voter registration list. Click on “search your name in the voter’s list” on www.eci.nic.in to check your name on the voter’s list.

  • Searching for electors is as easy as selecting the name of your state and following the steps. You can also send an SMS to find out if your name is on the electoral rolls. Send an SMS to 9211728082 with EPICVoter ID No.
  • The ERO will notify overseas voters by mail to include voters’ eir names on the voter’s list.

Why Should We Vote in India

Why should a person cast their voting rights in India?

One of the biggest (largest) democracies in the world is India. If the entire nation participates in the election process, then the famous saying is true: Government – to the people, by the people, for the people. Every democratic country needs all its citizens to come together and help determine its future. Citizens/Individuals of India have the right to vote, giving them the power to exercise their choice and decide together who will lead the country and carry the burden of responsibilities that come with the power.

However, voters are always seen to be reluctant to participate in the election process. Many voters do not understand the gravity of the power given to them by the constitution, thereby failing to carry out their responsibility. In urban areas, election day is seen as another holiday, particularly true for urban residents. Since voting is not compulsory, people choose to relax instead of participating.

One of the highest voter turnouts was the 2019 National Elections during any election. However, the election day figures were quite disappointing, with only 67.1% of people voting. It is far from a perfect 100%, which is important for democracy. Often, voters do not bother registering their vote or enrolling themselves on the voter registration list. It comes from a mindset that a single vote wouldn’t have much impact, but that’s not true. Each vote counts. Giving the Government suggestions and criticizing them is acceptable, but voting is not. Every citizen (individual) has the right to vote and decide the country’s future. Every citizen has a responsibility.

Participation in this process is essential. Therefore, a fundamental shift in the way people think is required to realize their moral responsibility toward our beloved country. We determine our future and the growth of our country with every vote we cast.

Why should we vote?

Democracy is based on the right to vote. Every citizen of a country has the right to vote. Governments have not mandated voting, but a citizen’s moral duty is to exercise that right.

Here are some reasons to vote.

The source of change

Protests are popular ways for individuals to register their displeasure against a government or policies implemented by them. However, voting is an essential tool to register their opinion and voice. One of the loudest cries for a change of government is the collective mandate or voice of any country’s citizens. This is observed in many cases that the country’s citizens are very well equipped to show the door to any non-performing government and change the direction of the country’s growth.

Importance of every single vote

Another thing to note is that many people generally think that a single vote doesn’t matter. But we often forget that every vote can bring about a big change. One vote can sometimes differentiate between a capable and strong leader and a weak. So, it is stressful to vote every time.

NOTA or None Of The Above

The Election Commission of India recently introduced this option. People often don’t find any of the contestants in a particular area to be fit for the role, so that they may select NOTA, which means None Of The Above. As part of such a scenario, the Election Commission brought up this issue, which acts as another way to state that no candidate is considered capable. If any constituency has a majority of the NOTA, there will be re-election with a new set of candidates. Further, sometimes NOTA prevents a corrupt candidate from winning the election if they weren’t corrupt. This power also shows the mandate of the country.

Sense of Pride

Voting rights are generally associated with pride, especially among first-time or young voters. We can see this from the latest trends of sharing images of the inked finger on different social media platforms, demonstrating their fulfillment of responsibility. In the purest form, this is a way to honor our forefathers, who have made many sacrifices and worked extremely hard to secure our nation’s freedom.

The Election Commission of India or the ECI has taken various steps to promote voter awareness, inculcate this need, and emphasize voting benefits throughout the country. These initiatives have contributed to the increase in voter turnout in the past few years.

All the voters must uphold their responsibilities and vote in elections. Still, the election process needs to undergo some changes to ensure the influx of good representatives or communities for any position and some practices that everyone should follow.

Some examples of such specific suggestions are listed below:-

  • The use of unfair social practices or illegal or unethical practices in the entire election process is prohibited.
  • Providing facilities for inter-migrants to cast their votes
  • Monitoring the expenses of every candidate and the entire political party during the election process
  • Everyone should follow the rule of banning proxy voting, especially non-resident Indians.
  • Decriminalizing the entire election process and preventing criminals from getting involved in the political process of the country
  • They are introducing electoral reforms to handle everyone’s particular situations like a hung parliament or assembly or coalitions post-election.

What are the Procedures of Elections

The Election Commission of India was formed to conduct free and fair elections and ensure smooth functioning. The Election Commission is responsible for managing the election process, including direction, supervision, and control of the elections and ensuring the elections are run smoothly without violence.

Following is a brief overview of the process of voting or elections that one needs to know.

  • Voters must first register on the Electoral Roll a list of eligible voters. Today, one can apply for a voter id card in person at a VREC, through a Booth Level Officer, or at designated locations, both online and offline.
  • A Voter ID will then be issued to that individual, which he must carry to the polling place.
  • All citizens are responsible for checking each candidate’s profile and making sure they form the right government.
  • All citizens are also responsible for finding out where the polling booths are located in their respective constituencies.
  • Depending on the situation, electronic voting machines and ballot boxes are available to voters.
  • Suppose anybody has a language problem or, in other words, has difficulty in communicating in the state language. In that case, one should recognize the candidate or party of his choice through party symbols. All the candidates’ names will be alphabetical in the respective state’s language.
  • A voter needs to press the blue button next to their desired candidate’s name and desired party symbol. One can also vote NOTA.
  • The voter’s index finger will be marked with indelible blue ink that symbolizes voting.
  • It provides a means of determining if one has already voted and demonstrated that one is a responsible citizen who has formed the government of his nation.

How many major elections are there in our country?

In our country, there are four major elections, namely:

  • Election of the president by the Central Legislature and State Assembly
  • Rajya Sabha Elections
  • Lok Sabha Elections
  • The Lok Sabha elects the prime Minister.

What is a voter ID card?

A voter ID card is a document that identifies a citizen of India and is issued by the Election Commission of India. It allows its holder to cast their vote.

The voter ID card includes the following features:-

  • Unique serial number
  • Photograph of the person owning it
  • Name of the person owning it
  • Father’s name of the person owning it
  • A hologram that has a national symbol/respective state symbol
  • Card holder’s address
  • Gender
  • Date of birth the person owning it

On the back of the voter ID card are the address of the cardholder and the signature of the electoral registration officer.

How to apply for a voter ID card? | How to Register to Vote in India?

Each citizen of India is eligible to apply for an ID. This can be done in three ways:

  • Online :

The applicant needs to visit the National Voter’s Service Portal or the NVSP website.

Choose the process for registering for a new voter id card

The applicant would be directed to fill out ‘form 6’ online, and they would submit the form after filling in various details. Applicants must also upload their photos and supporting documents to reference the Voter ID.

  • Offline

The applicant must visit the NVSP website or the National Voter’s Service Portal.

The applicant needs to visit the National Voter’s Service Portal or the NVSP website.

You can now submit the form with supporting documents and a photo at any Election Office, by mail or physically.

  • Semi-online methods

Form 6 is available at the State Election office closest to the applicant.

Fill out ‘Form 6’ with your correct personal details, and attach the required documents, such as proof of address and identification. Then submit the form to the officer.

After thorough verification, a voter ID card would be issued.

Voter ID cards are issued only after the completion of verification of the documents submitted.

What are the documents required for Voter ID?

To obtain a voter identification card, the following documents are needed:

What are the eligibility criteria for a voter ID card?

To obtain a voter identification card, the following documents are needed:

  • The person must be an Indian citizen.
  • A permanent address
  • 18 years of age or above

Who can vote in India?

Citizenship Act guarantees them protection under the 15th Amendment, regardless of their race, color, or condition of subjugation.

The following conditions must be met for citizens to become eligible to vote:

  • Citizens who are 18 years old or above at the qualifying date (January 1 in this case) are eligible to enroll unless disqualified.
  • Enrollment only at a home address.
  • Enrollment only at one address.
  • The overseas Indian is presumed to be ordinarily resident at the address given in the passport.
  • All service voters are deemed to be ordinarily resident at their home address.

A citizen who has been declared ineligible to vote or barred from voting due to corrupt practices or illegal activities relating to elections is not entitled to vote. Non-citizens of India cannot register on the electoral rolls.

An election commission will issue a voter slip to a citizen confirming their name on the voter list after becoming eligible to vote and enrolled as a voter. Combined with a photo ID, this slip is accepted as proof of identity.

Who is not eligible to vote?

A citizen who has been declared ineligible to vote or barred from voting due to corrupt practices or illegal activities relating to elections is not entitled to vote. A person who is not a citizen (resident) of India cannot be registered in the electoral rolls.

A voter’s name will be added to the voter list once they become eligible to vote and register as a voter. The slip can be used as a voter card if accompanied by a photo ID recognized by the Election Commission. If a resident does not receive the voter slip, they can check online or call the helpline to find out.

Identity proof

At polling places, voter identification is now required by the ECI. Your Voter ID Card issued by ECI or any other proof allowed by ECI must be presented to cast your vote.

The Election Commission specifies other documents that can be used instead of a voter ID card. You need the following documents to register as a voter:

  • Copy of proof of age and identity
  • Copy of proof of residence
  • A filled voter registration form
  • Two recent passport-size photographs

Why Should We Vote in India FAQs:

What is the Voter ID?

Voter ID cards are issued by the ECI or Election Commission of India to all eligible citizens of our country, enabling them to verify their eligibility to vote in their country’s elections provided their names appear on the voter’s list.

What are the methods to check if a person’s name is present in the voter’s list or not?

A few of the easiest ways to check if one’s name is present in the voter list are by calling the given helpline number, sending an SMS, visiting the ECE’s website, or simply visiting the nearest local electoral office.

What do you mean by NOTA?

NOTA is the only option available in the electoral process to the voters if they feel that none of the candidates (person standing for election) contesting the elections are deserving of their votes.

Why are elections held?

Elections reflect the populace’s popular mandate or political opinion and are used to elect or frame a government. It can also be referred to as one of the fundamental pillars in framing and then shaping the future of a democratic nation. To vote, one must have a voter ID card.

How can Indian citizens living abroad put their vote?

Citizens of India living abroad can vote by postal ballot.

Who is eligible to vote in India?

As per the Election commission of India, citizens are eligible to become voters under specific conditions.

How can I download my new voter ID?

You can download your voter ID by visiting the NVSP website and following the steps below. Click on ‘Search your name in an electoral roll.’ Fill out all the details under the tab ‘Search by details.’ You can then print a voter ID card.

The Conclusion

Hence, it was a brief explanation and details about How to Vote in India. Hopefully, you might have understood, and now why don’t you apply for a Voter ID card if you don’t have one? The most important and responsible thing is that being a responsible youth of India one must vote and encourage co-friends to vote too (how to vote in India). If you have more queries please let us know, we are here to solve them. Keep visiting LOANPEGYAN for more updates.

Thank You, Readers.

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